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Body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem in elementary school-aged children: the role of media pressure and trust in parent-child relationships

Jolien De Coen (UGent) , Sandra Verbeken (UGent) and Lien Goossens (UGent)
Author
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Abstract
Studies have indicated that the media plays a role in the development of body dissatisfaction in children. Nevertheless, there is limited understanding of the protective factors that may reduce this association, such as the parent-child relationship. Therefore, this study investigates children's body dissatisfaction and self-esteem and the role of media pressure and a trust in parent-child relationships herein. A sample of n = 246 participants (59.8% girls, aged 8-10) was recruited. Children completed self-report questionnaires that assessed body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, media pressure, and trust in parent-child relationships. Results revealed that higher scores on media pressure were linked to increased body dissatisfaction and decreased self-esteem. On the other hand, higher scores on trust in mother and father were associated with lower levels of body dissatisfaction and higher levels of self-esteem. However, the presence of trust in parent-child relationships did not attenuate the impact of media pressure on body dissatisfaction or self-esteem. Further investigation is necessary to gain a deeper understanding of how sociocultural and interpersonal factors interact and contribute to the development of body image problems. While current prevention and intervention programs predominantly focus on the individual, it may be beneficial to place greater emphasis on the family environment.
Keywords
MOTHER-DAUGHTER RELATIONSHIP, ADOLESCENT GIRLS, IMAGE DISSATISFACTION, PUBERTAL DEVELOPMENT, EATING PATHOLOGY, ATTACHMENT, WEIGHT, INTERNALIZATION, PREDICTORS, ATTITUDES, body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, media, parent-child relationship, middle childhood

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MLA
De Coen, Jolien, et al. “Body Dissatisfaction and Low Self-Esteem in Elementary School-Aged Children: The Role of Media Pressure and Trust in Parent-Child Relationships.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 14, FRONTIERS MEDIA SA, 2024, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1228860.
APA
De Coen, J., Verbeken, S., & Goossens, L. (2024). Body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem in elementary school-aged children: the role of media pressure and trust in parent-child relationships. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1228860
Chicago author-date
De Coen, Jolien, Sandra Verbeken, and Lien Goossens. 2024. “Body Dissatisfaction and Low Self-Esteem in Elementary School-Aged Children: The Role of Media Pressure and Trust in Parent-Child Relationships.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1228860.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Coen, Jolien, Sandra Verbeken, and Lien Goossens. 2024. “Body Dissatisfaction and Low Self-Esteem in Elementary School-Aged Children: The Role of Media Pressure and Trust in Parent-Child Relationships.” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 14. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1228860.
Vancouver
1.
De Coen J, Verbeken S, Goossens L. Body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem in elementary school-aged children: the role of media pressure and trust in parent-child relationships. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. 2024;14.
IEEE
[1]
J. De Coen, S. Verbeken, and L. Goossens, “Body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem in elementary school-aged children: the role of media pressure and trust in parent-child relationships,” FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 14, 2024.
@article{01HPEYK9S8FDVGFPGPNJXB4NZY,
  abstract     = {{Studies have indicated that the media plays a role in the development of body dissatisfaction in children. Nevertheless, there is limited understanding of the protective factors that may reduce this association, such as the parent-child relationship. Therefore, this study investigates children's body dissatisfaction and self-esteem and the role of media pressure and a trust in parent-child relationships herein. A sample of n = 246 participants (59.8% girls, aged 8-10) was recruited. Children completed self-report questionnaires that assessed body dissatisfaction, self-esteem, media pressure, and trust in parent-child relationships. Results revealed that higher scores on media pressure were linked to increased body dissatisfaction and decreased self-esteem. On the other hand, higher scores on trust in mother and father were associated with lower levels of body dissatisfaction and higher levels of self-esteem. However, the presence of trust in parent-child relationships did not attenuate the impact of media pressure on body dissatisfaction or self-esteem. Further investigation is necessary to gain a deeper understanding of how sociocultural and interpersonal factors interact and contribute to the development of body image problems. While current prevention and intervention programs predominantly focus on the individual, it may be beneficial to place greater emphasis on the family environment.}},
  articleno    = {{1228860}},
  author       = {{De Coen, Jolien and Verbeken, Sandra and Goossens, Lien}},
  issn         = {{1664-1078}},
  journal      = {{FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{MOTHER-DAUGHTER RELATIONSHIP,ADOLESCENT GIRLS,IMAGE DISSATISFACTION,PUBERTAL DEVELOPMENT,EATING PATHOLOGY,ATTACHMENT,WEIGHT,INTERNALIZATION,PREDICTORS,ATTITUDES,body dissatisfaction,self-esteem,media,parent-child relationship,middle childhood}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{11}},
  publisher    = {{FRONTIERS MEDIA SA}},
  title        = {{Body dissatisfaction and low self-esteem in elementary school-aged children: the role of media pressure and trust in parent-child relationships}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1228860}},
  volume       = {{14}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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