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Violent Politics and Silent Trade: how contraband, custom and rebellion intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero area.

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Abstract
This study offers an analysis of the intersecting dynamics of custom, contraband and rebellion that mark Lubero territory in eastern Congo’s North Kivu province. Through the angles of local governance, armed mobilization and transnational resource trade, the report looks at different emanations of political and economic power in a region often considered ungoverned and peripheral. Drawing from ethnographic and social network analysis as well as mapping data, this report traces the longue durée of local politics and armed mobilization in Lubero in a bid to situate the region’s contemporary predicaments in a larger context. The first study on conflict and politics in the area in over a decade, this report pays particular attention to the southern Lubero, where recent years saw a fragmentation of authority and an intensification of unrecorded economic activities. Spread across three interconnected substantial chapters, the study investigates the multiple arenas and scales that shape Lubero’s violent politics and its silent trade all the way to Butembo, Kampala and beyond, putting an emphasis on the transnational political economy of the clandestine gold trade.

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Citation

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MLA
Cristofaro, Domenico, et al. Violent Politics and Silent Trade: How Contraband, Custom and Rebellion Intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero Area. Governance in Conflict Network (GiC), 2022.
APA
Cristofaro, D., Jourdan, L., Salvaggio, G., & Vogel, C. (2022). Violent Politics and Silent Trade: how contraband, custom and rebellion intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero area. Governance in Conflict Network (GiC).
Chicago author-date
Cristofaro, Domenico, Luca Jourdan, Giovanni Salvaggio, and Christoph Vogel. 2022. Violent Politics and Silent Trade: How Contraband, Custom and Rebellion Intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero Area. Governance in Conflict Network (GiC).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Cristofaro, Domenico, Luca Jourdan, Giovanni Salvaggio, and Christoph Vogel. 2022. Violent Politics and Silent Trade: How Contraband, Custom and Rebellion Intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero Area. Governance in Conflict Network (GiC).
Vancouver
1.
Cristofaro D, Jourdan L, Salvaggio G, Vogel C. Violent Politics and Silent Trade: how contraband, custom and rebellion intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero area. Governance in Conflict Network (GiC); 2022. 58 p.
IEEE
[1]
D. Cristofaro, L. Jourdan, G. Salvaggio, and C. Vogel, Violent Politics and Silent Trade: how contraband, custom and rebellion intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero area. Governance in Conflict Network (GiC), 2022.
@book{01HPEXECTJR0ZHJF4985NDYESA,
  abstract     = {{This study offers an analysis of the intersecting dynamics of custom, contraband and rebellion that mark Lubero territory in eastern Congo’s North Kivu province. Through the angles of local governance, armed mobilization and 
transnational resource trade, the report looks at different emanations of political and economic power in a region often considered ungoverned and peripheral. Drawing from ethnographic and social network analysis as well as mapping data, this report traces the longue durée of local politics and armed mobilization in Lubero in a bid to situate the region’s contemporary predicaments in a larger context. The first study on conflict and politics in the area in over a decade, this report pays particular attention to the southern Lubero, where recent years saw a fragmentation of authority and an intensification of unrecorded economic activities. Spread across three 
interconnected substantial chapters, the study investigates the multiple arenas and scales that shape Lubero’s violent politics and its silent trade all the way to Butembo, Kampala and beyond, putting an emphasis on the 
transnational political economy of the clandestine gold trade.}},
  author       = {{Cristofaro, Domenico and Jourdan, Luca and Salvaggio, Giovanni and Vogel, Christoph}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{58}},
  publisher    = {{Governance in Conflict Network (GiC)}},
  title        = {{Violent Politics and Silent Trade: how contraband, custom and rebellion intersect in North Kivu’s Lubero area.}},
  url          = {{https://www.gicnetwork.be/violent-politics-and-silent-trade/}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}