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The role of juju rituals in human trafficking of nigerians : a tool of enslavement, but also escape

Sarah Adeyinka (UGent) , Ine Lietaert (UGent) and Ilse Derluyn (UGent)
(2023) SAGE OPEN. 13(4).
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  • CHILDMOVE (The impact of flight experiences on the psychological wellbeing of unaccompanied refugee minors)
Abstract
In 2018, the Oba (King) of Benin city in Edo state (Nigeria), a spiritual and traditional leader with significant authority, made a public, spiritual declaration on Nigerian human traffickers (especially those originating from Edo state) and proclaimed that victims of trafficking who were bound by oaths taken during the juju rituals were free. The Nigerian trafficking network relies mainly on juju as a control mechanism to keep the victims bound and subservient to them. Based on repeated in-depth interviews with young Nigerian women and teenager teenage victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation, this article discusses how juju is used by the trafficking networks to keep their victims exploited, enslaved and indebted. Concurrently, the participants’ narratives also illustrate the important impact of the declaration of the Oba for some women and teenagers in their process to leave the trafficking networks.
Keywords
General Social Sciences, General Arts and Humanities, Juju, Nigeria, Oba of Benin, trafficking, sexual exploitation, SEX TRAFFICKING, WOMEN, VOODOO, EUROPE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Adeyinka, Sarah, et al. “The Role of Juju Rituals in Human Trafficking of Nigerians : A Tool of Enslavement, but Also Escape.” SAGE OPEN, vol. 13, no. 4, 2023, doi:10.1177/21582440231210474.
APA
Adeyinka, S., Lietaert, I., & Derluyn, I. (2023). The role of juju rituals in human trafficking of nigerians : a tool of enslavement, but also escape. SAGE OPEN, 13(4). https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440231210474
Chicago author-date
Adeyinka, Sarah, Ine Lietaert, and Ilse Derluyn. 2023. “The Role of Juju Rituals in Human Trafficking of Nigerians : A Tool of Enslavement, but Also Escape.” SAGE OPEN 13 (4). https://doi.org/10.1177/21582440231210474.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Adeyinka, Sarah, Ine Lietaert, and Ilse Derluyn. 2023. “The Role of Juju Rituals in Human Trafficking of Nigerians : A Tool of Enslavement, but Also Escape.” SAGE OPEN 13 (4). doi:10.1177/21582440231210474.
Vancouver
1.
Adeyinka S, Lietaert I, Derluyn I. The role of juju rituals in human trafficking of nigerians : a tool of enslavement, but also escape. SAGE OPEN. 2023;13(4).
IEEE
[1]
S. Adeyinka, I. Lietaert, and I. Derluyn, “The role of juju rituals in human trafficking of nigerians : a tool of enslavement, but also escape,” SAGE OPEN, vol. 13, no. 4, 2023.
@article{01HMSF37XPKVV7ZP2GXYDZ84PN,
  abstract     = {{In 2018, the Oba (King) of Benin city in Edo state (Nigeria), a spiritual and traditional leader with significant authority, made a public, spiritual declaration on Nigerian human traffickers (especially those originating from Edo state) and proclaimed that victims of trafficking who were bound by oaths taken during the juju rituals were free. The Nigerian trafficking network relies mainly on juju as a control mechanism to keep the victims bound and subservient to them. Based on repeated in-depth interviews with young Nigerian women and teenager teenage victims of human trafficking for sexual exploitation, this article discusses how juju is used by the trafficking networks to keep their victims exploited, enslaved and indebted. Concurrently, the participants’ narratives also illustrate the important impact of the declaration of the Oba for some women and teenagers in their process to leave the trafficking networks.}},
  articleno    = {{21582440231210474}},
  author       = {{Adeyinka, Sarah and Lietaert, Ine and Derluyn, Ilse}},
  issn         = {{2158-2440}},
  journal      = {{SAGE OPEN}},
  keywords     = {{General Social Sciences,General Arts and Humanities,Juju,Nigeria,Oba of Benin,trafficking,sexual exploitation,SEX TRAFFICKING,WOMEN,VOODOO,EUROPE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{12}},
  title        = {{The role of juju rituals in human trafficking of nigerians : a tool of enslavement, but also escape}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1177/21582440231210474}},
  volume       = {{13}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}

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