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Load-aware operation strategy for wind turbines participating in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market

(2024) IEEE ACCESS. 12. p.5309-5320
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Abstract
Wind power has emerged as a clean alternative to traditional power production, with a significant increase in its installed capacity observed over the past decade. In numerous regions, wind power producers are now afforded the opportunity to participate in day-ahead energy and reserve markets. In this context, the wind turbines can provide ancillary services such as frequency containment reserve (FCR). However, the provision of ancillary services is known to affect the physical loading on a wind turbine. This loading on different parts of the wind turbine can possibly result in sub-optimal performance leading to a reduced net power output or even a faster degradation of the wind turbine. On the other hand, no or low participation of a wind turbine in ancillary services market will lead to a lesser revenue on a long term. Moreover, low participation of wind turbines in the ancillary market will eventually limit the amount of wind power, since the ancillary services are needed to stabilise the grid and must then be provided by other energy sources. Addressing this challenge requires a holistic method to gauge both load and revenue for wind power producers (WPP), thus enabling them to make informed decisions. This study firstly presents a method of calculating major loads on the wind turbine. Then, a load-aware optimisation method of wind power scheduling in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market (JERM) is proposed that provides WPPs, an ability to strike a balance between revenue and the physical loading of wind turbine.
Keywords
Ancillary services, frequency containment reserve, wind turbines, wind turbine loading, wind turbine operation strategy

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MLA
Singh, Narender, et al. “Load-Aware Operation Strategy for Wind Turbines Participating in the Joint Day-Ahead Energy and Reserve Market.” IEEE ACCESS, vol. 12, 2024, pp. 5309–20, doi:10.1109/access.2024.3350439.
APA
Singh, N., Hosseini, S. A., De Kooning, J., Vallée, F., & Vandevelde, L. (2024). Load-aware operation strategy for wind turbines participating in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market. IEEE ACCESS, 12, 5309–5320. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2024.3350439
Chicago author-date
Singh, Narender, Seyyed Ahmad Hosseini, Jeroen De Kooning, François Vallée, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2024. “Load-Aware Operation Strategy for Wind Turbines Participating in the Joint Day-Ahead Energy and Reserve Market.” IEEE ACCESS 12: 5309–20. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2024.3350439.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Singh, Narender, Seyyed Ahmad Hosseini, Jeroen De Kooning, François Vallée, and Lieven Vandevelde. 2024. “Load-Aware Operation Strategy for Wind Turbines Participating in the Joint Day-Ahead Energy and Reserve Market.” IEEE ACCESS 12: 5309–5320. doi:10.1109/access.2024.3350439.
Vancouver
1.
Singh N, Hosseini SA, De Kooning J, Vallée F, Vandevelde L. Load-aware operation strategy for wind turbines participating in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market. IEEE ACCESS. 2024;12:5309–20.
IEEE
[1]
N. Singh, S. A. Hosseini, J. De Kooning, F. Vallée, and L. Vandevelde, “Load-aware operation strategy for wind turbines participating in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market,” IEEE ACCESS, vol. 12, pp. 5309–5320, 2024.
@article{01HKY6VZWXYVQ67F1K06YSNN06,
  abstract     = {{Wind power has emerged as a clean alternative to traditional power production, with a significant increase in its installed capacity observed over the past decade. In numerous regions, wind power producers are now afforded the opportunity to participate in day-ahead energy and reserve markets. In this context, the wind turbines can provide ancillary services such as frequency containment reserve (FCR). However, the provision of ancillary services is known to affect the physical loading on a wind turbine. This loading on different parts of the wind turbine can possibly result in sub-optimal performance leading to a reduced net power output or even a faster degradation of the wind turbine. On the other hand, no or low participation of a wind turbine in ancillary services market will lead to a lesser revenue on a long term. Moreover, low participation of wind turbines in the ancillary market will eventually limit the amount of wind power, since the ancillary services are needed to stabilise the grid and must then be provided by other energy sources. Addressing this challenge requires a holistic method to gauge both load and revenue for wind power producers (WPP), thus enabling them to make informed decisions. This study firstly presents a method of calculating major loads on the wind turbine. Then, a load-aware optimisation method of wind power scheduling in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market (JERM) is proposed that provides WPPs, an ability to strike a balance between revenue and the physical loading of wind turbine.}},
  author       = {{Singh, Narender and Hosseini, Seyyed Ahmad and De Kooning, Jeroen and Vallée, François and Vandevelde, Lieven}},
  issn         = {{2169-3536}},
  journal      = {{IEEE ACCESS}},
  keywords     = {{Ancillary services,frequency containment reserve,wind turbines,wind turbine loading,wind turbine operation strategy}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{5309--5320}},
  title        = {{Load-aware operation strategy for wind turbines participating in the joint day-ahead energy and reserve market}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1109/access.2024.3350439}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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