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Towards a legal qualification of digital intimidation against environmental defenders : navigating core components and characteristics

Lien Stolle (UGent) and Eva Lievens (UGent)
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Abstract
Digital technologies are becoming increasingly important for environmental defenders. Such technologies offer them possibilities to speak out and/or take action, but also increase the (digital) risks they face as a result of their (online) involvement. Recently, significant concerns have been raised about the use of various forms of online and technology-facilitated forms of harassment or ‘digital intimidation’ against environmental defenders. This raises the question of whether environmental defenders are adequately protected by the current legal framework. To assess this, it is essential to first understand the phenomenon of digital intimidation. This paper therefore aims to identify the ‘core’ components and characteristics relevant to digital intimidation to enable further legal qualification and analysis. As such, we propose a digital intimidation navigation tool that can facilitate a more sophisticated understanding of the different tactics used, as well as a fine-grained analysis of the existing legal framework.
Keywords
Digital intimidation, Environmental defenders, Digital intimidation navigator

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MLA
Stolle, Lien, and Eva Lievens. “Towards a Legal Qualification of Digital Intimidation against Environmental Defenders : Navigating Core Components and Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, 2023, pp. 1–29, doi:10.1080/13600869.2023.2286558.
APA
Stolle, L., & Lievens, E. (2023). Towards a legal qualification of digital intimidation against environmental defenders : navigating core components and characteristics. INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2023.2286558
Chicago author-date
Stolle, Lien, and Eva Lievens. 2023. “Towards a Legal Qualification of Digital Intimidation against Environmental Defenders : Navigating Core Components and Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2023.2286558.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Stolle, Lien, and Eva Lievens. 2023. “Towards a Legal Qualification of Digital Intimidation against Environmental Defenders : Navigating Core Components and Characteristics.” INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY: 1–29. doi:10.1080/13600869.2023.2286558.
Vancouver
1.
Stolle L, Lievens E. Towards a legal qualification of digital intimidation against environmental defenders : navigating core components and characteristics. INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY. 2023;1–29.
IEEE
[1]
L. Stolle and E. Lievens, “Towards a legal qualification of digital intimidation against environmental defenders : navigating core components and characteristics,” INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY, pp. 1–29, 2023.
@article{01HGK334M5FSR8T1DN2YFK64HD,
  abstract     = {{Digital technologies are becoming increasingly important for environmental defenders. Such technologies offer them possibilities to speak out and/or take action, but also increase the (digital) risks they face as a result of their (online) involvement. Recently, significant concerns have been raised about the use of various forms of online and technology-facilitated forms of harassment or ‘digital intimidation’ against environmental defenders. This raises the question of whether environmental defenders are adequately protected by the current legal framework. To assess this, it is essential to first understand the phenomenon of digital intimidation. This paper therefore aims to identify the ‘core’ components and characteristics relevant to digital intimidation to enable further legal qualification and analysis. As such, we propose a digital intimidation navigation tool that can facilitate a more sophisticated understanding of the different tactics used, as well as a fine-grained analysis of the existing legal framework.}},
  author       = {{Stolle, Lien and Lievens, Eva}},
  issn         = {{1360-0869}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW COMPUTERS & TECHNOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Digital intimidation,Environmental defenders,Digital intimidation navigator}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{1--29}},
  title        = {{Towards a legal qualification of digital intimidation against environmental defenders : navigating core components and characteristics}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1080/13600869.2023.2286558}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}

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