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The role of Belgium within the context of seabed mining cannot be underestimated, as the Belgian company Global Sea Mineral Resources plays a pivotal part in the development of seabed mining technology in the Clarion-Clipperton zone. Belgian companies are worldwide leaders in dredging and beach nourishment, and due to this specific expertise, Belgium is also active in the Area. In 2019, the Belgian government concluded that certain aspects of the Belgian legislation on seabed mining activities in the Area could be improved and should be more aligned with the future exploitation regulations of the ISA. Mining activities on the Belgian continental shelf require a concession, while applications to the ISA for seabed mining activities in the Area necessitate a certificate of sponsorship. The Belgian seabed mining legislation adheres closely to the international conventions and ISA regulations, but in order to prepare for the exploitation phase and enact several improvements, legislative reforms are underway.
Keywords
law of the sea, deep seabed, national legislation, sponsoring state

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MLA
Willaert, Klaas, and Frank Maes. “Belgium and Seabed Mining.” Routledge Handbook of Seabed Mining and the Law of the Sea, edited by Virginie Tassin Campanella, Routledge, 2023, pp. 345–50, doi:10.4324/9780429426162-30.
APA
Willaert, K., & Maes, F. (2023). Belgium and seabed mining. In V. Tassin Campanella (Ed.), Routledge handbook of seabed mining and the law of the sea (pp. 345–350). https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429426162-30
Chicago author-date
Willaert, Klaas, and Frank Maes. 2023. “Belgium and Seabed Mining.” In Routledge Handbook of Seabed Mining and the Law of the Sea, edited by Virginie Tassin Campanella, 345–50. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429426162-30.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Willaert, Klaas, and Frank Maes. 2023. “Belgium and Seabed Mining.” In Routledge Handbook of Seabed Mining and the Law of the Sea, ed by. Virginie Tassin Campanella, 345–350. London: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780429426162-30.
Vancouver
1.
Willaert K, Maes F. Belgium and seabed mining. In: Tassin Campanella V, editor. Routledge handbook of seabed mining and the law of the sea. London: Routledge; 2023. p. 345–50.
IEEE
[1]
K. Willaert and F. Maes, “Belgium and seabed mining,” in Routledge handbook of seabed mining and the law of the sea, V. Tassin Campanella, Ed. London: Routledge, 2023, pp. 345–350.
@incollection{01HGE12E7Z4NFY51STNAM8QDQR,
  abstract     = {{The role of Belgium within the context of seabed mining cannot be underestimated, as the Belgian company Global Sea Mineral Resources plays a pivotal part in the development of seabed mining technology in the Clarion-Clipperton zone. Belgian companies are worldwide leaders in dredging and beach nourishment, and due to this specific expertise, Belgium is also active in the Area. In 2019, the Belgian government concluded that certain aspects of the Belgian legislation on seabed mining activities in the Area could be improved and should be more aligned with the future exploitation regulations of the ISA. Mining activities on the Belgian continental shelf require a concession, while applications to the ISA for seabed mining activities in the Area necessitate a certificate of sponsorship. The Belgian seabed mining legislation adheres closely to the international conventions and ISA regulations, but in order to prepare for the exploitation phase and enact several improvements, legislative reforms are underway.


}},
  author       = {{Willaert, Klaas and Maes, Frank}},
  booktitle    = {{Routledge handbook of seabed mining and the law of the sea}},
  editor       = {{Tassin Campanella, Virginie}},
  isbn         = {{9781138387614}},
  keywords     = {{law of the sea,deep seabed,national legislation,sponsoring state}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{345--350}},
  publisher    = {{Routledge}},
  series       = {{Routledge Handbooks in Law}},
  title        = {{Belgium and seabed mining}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.4324/9780429426162-30}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}

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