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More than just a scratch : a scoping review on physical and psychological consequences of violence against police

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Abstract
Violence against police is a reality for many officers. Despite growing concerns over the rise in violence against police and the serious individual and societal repercussions associated with it, a comprehensive overview of the psychological and physical consequences of verbal and physical violence against police remains elusive. By performing a scoping review (n = 21) of studies and reports identified via database searches (Web of Science and Google Scholar), reference mining, and purposive sampling, and published between 2010 and 2023, this article is the first of its kind to map psychological and physical consequences of violence against police, as well as the risk and protective factors that respectively increase and decrease adverse consequences. Results indicate that officers experience primary victimization by a range of different adverse consequences, but also deal with secondary victimization. The literature has come to a standstill due to lack of (recent) studies and a lack of diversity on how consequences of violence against police are studied. We argue that this lack of academic attention might be influenced by predominant societal perspectives and officers' perceived victim status, and discuss the implications for police, policymakers, and research.
Keywords
violence against police, aggression against police, police victim, law enforcement, injury, ideal victim, POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS, HEALTH-CARE, WORKPLACE VIOLENCE, SEX-DIFFERENCES, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, OFFICERS, CRIME, FEAR, PERCEPTIONS, PREVALENCE

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Citation

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MLA
Goormans, Isabo, et al. “More than Just a Scratch : A Scoping Review on Physical and Psychological Consequences of Violence against Police.” TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE, 2024, doi:10.1177/15248380231218290.
APA
Goormans, I., Verbouw, A., & Vandeviver, C. (2024). More than just a scratch : a scoping review on physical and psychological consequences of violence against police. TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231218290
Chicago author-date
Goormans, Isabo, Agnes Verbouw, and Christophe Vandeviver. 2024. “More than Just a Scratch : A Scoping Review on Physical and Psychological Consequences of Violence against Police.” TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231218290.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Goormans, Isabo, Agnes Verbouw, and Christophe Vandeviver. 2024. “More than Just a Scratch : A Scoping Review on Physical and Psychological Consequences of Violence against Police.” TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE. doi:10.1177/15248380231218290.
Vancouver
1.
Goormans I, Verbouw A, Vandeviver C. More than just a scratch : a scoping review on physical and psychological consequences of violence against police. TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE. 2024;
IEEE
[1]
I. Goormans, A. Verbouw, and C. Vandeviver, “More than just a scratch : a scoping review on physical and psychological consequences of violence against police,” TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE, 2024.
@article{01HFE996TG2D07JP0XEZMFEEG9,
  abstract     = {{Violence against police is a reality for many officers. Despite growing concerns over the rise in violence against police and the serious individual and societal repercussions associated with it, a comprehensive overview of the psychological and physical consequences of verbal and physical violence against police remains elusive. By performing a scoping review (n = 21) of studies and reports identified via database searches (Web of Science and Google Scholar), reference mining, and purposive sampling, and published between 2010 and 2023, this article is the first of its kind to map psychological and physical consequences of violence against police, as well as the risk and protective factors that respectively increase and decrease adverse consequences. Results indicate that officers experience primary victimization by a range of different adverse consequences, but also deal with secondary victimization. The literature has come to a standstill due to lack of (recent) studies and a lack of diversity on how consequences of violence against police are studied. We argue that this lack of academic attention might be influenced by predominant societal perspectives and officers' perceived victim status, and discuss the implications for police, policymakers, and research.}},
  author       = {{Goormans, Isabo and Verbouw, Agnes and Vandeviver, Christophe}},
  issn         = {{1524-8380}},
  journal      = {{TRAUMA VIOLENCE & ABUSE}},
  keywords     = {{violence against police,aggression against police,police victim,law enforcement,injury,ideal victim,POSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS,HEALTH-CARE,WORKPLACE VIOLENCE,SEX-DIFFERENCES,GOOGLE SCHOLAR,OFFICERS,CRIME,FEAR,PERCEPTIONS,PREVALENCE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  title        = {{More than just a scratch : a scoping review on physical and psychological consequences of violence against police}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1177/15248380231218290}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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