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A functional atlas of the cerebellum based on NeuroSynth task coordinates

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Abstract
Although the human cerebellum has a surface that is about 80% of that of the cerebral cortex and has about four times as many neurons, its functional organization is still very much uncharted. Despite recent attempts to provide resting-state and task-based parcellations of the cerebellum, these two approaches lead to large discrepancies. This article describes a comprehensive task-based functional parcellation of the human cerebellum based on a large-scale functional database, NeuroSynth, involving an unprecedented diversity of tasks, which were reliably associated with ontological key terms referring to psychological functions. Involving over 44,500 participants from this database, we present a parcellation that exhibits replicability with earlier resting-state parcellations across cerebellar and neocortical structures. The functional parcellation of the cerebellum confirms the major networks revealed in prior work, including sensorimotor, directed (dorsal) attention, divided (ventral) attention, executive control, mentalizing (default mode) networks, tiny patches of a limbic network, and also a unilateral language network (but not the visual network), and the association of these networks with underlying ontological key terms confirms their major functionality. The networks are revealed at locations that are roughly similar to prior resting-state cerebellar parcellations, although they are less symmetric and more fragmented across the two hemispheres. This functional parcellation of the human cerebellum and associated key terms can provide a useful guide in designing studies to test specific functional hypotheses and provide a reference for interpreting the results.
Keywords
Neurology (clinical), Neurology, Ontological terms, Neural networks, Cerebellum, Parcellation, Functional atlas

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MLA
Van Overwalle, Frank, et al. “A Functional Atlas of the Cerebellum Based on NeuroSynth Task Coordinates.” CEREBELLUM, Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2024, doi:10.1007/s12311-023-01596-4.
APA
Van Overwalle, F., Ma, Q., Haihambo, N., Bylemans, T., Catoira, B., Firouzi, M., … Deroost, N. (2024). A functional atlas of the cerebellum based on NeuroSynth task coordinates. CEREBELLUM. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-023-01596-4
Chicago author-date
Van Overwalle, Frank, Qianying Ma, Naem Haihambo, Tom Bylemans, Beatriz Catoira, Mahyar Firouzi, Meijia Li, et al. 2024. “A Functional Atlas of the Cerebellum Based on NeuroSynth Task Coordinates.” CEREBELLUM. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-023-01596-4.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Overwalle, Frank, Qianying Ma, Naem Haihambo, Tom Bylemans, Beatriz Catoira, Mahyar Firouzi, Meijia Li, Min Pu, Elien Heleven, Chris Baeken, Kris Baetens, and Natacha Deroost. 2024. “A Functional Atlas of the Cerebellum Based on NeuroSynth Task Coordinates.” CEREBELLUM. doi:10.1007/s12311-023-01596-4.
Vancouver
1.
Van Overwalle F, Ma Q, Haihambo N, Bylemans T, Catoira B, Firouzi M, et al. A functional atlas of the cerebellum based on NeuroSynth task coordinates. CEREBELLUM. 2024;
IEEE
[1]
F. Van Overwalle et al., “A functional atlas of the cerebellum based on NeuroSynth task coordinates,” CEREBELLUM, 2024.
@article{01HDR61T10MC7065AQA9XP9T2D,
  abstract     = {{Although the human cerebellum has a surface that is about 80% of that of the cerebral cortex and has about four times as many neurons, its functional organization is still very much uncharted. Despite recent attempts to provide resting-state and task-based parcellations of the cerebellum, these two approaches lead to large discrepancies. This article describes a comprehensive task-based functional parcellation of the human cerebellum based on a large-scale functional database, NeuroSynth, involving an unprecedented diversity of tasks, which were reliably associated with ontological key terms referring to psychological functions. Involving over 44,500 participants from this database, we present a parcellation that exhibits replicability with earlier resting-state parcellations across cerebellar and neocortical structures. The functional parcellation of the cerebellum confirms the major networks revealed in prior work, including sensorimotor, directed (dorsal) attention, divided (ventral) attention, executive control, mentalizing (default mode) networks, tiny patches of a limbic network, and also a unilateral language network (but not the visual network), and the association of these networks with underlying ontological key terms confirms their major functionality. The networks are revealed at locations that are roughly similar to prior resting-state cerebellar parcellations, although they are less symmetric and more fragmented across the two hemispheres. This functional parcellation of the human cerebellum and associated key terms can provide a useful guide in designing studies to test specific functional hypotheses and provide a reference for interpreting the results.}},
  author       = {{Van Overwalle, Frank and Ma, Qianying and Haihambo, Naem and Bylemans, Tom and Catoira, Beatriz and Firouzi, Mahyar and Li, Meijia and Pu, Min and Heleven, Elien and Baeken, Chris and Baetens, Kris and Deroost, Natacha}},
  issn         = {{1473-4222}},
  journal      = {{CEREBELLUM}},
  keywords     = {{Neurology (clinical),Neurology,Ontological terms,Neural networks,Cerebellum,Parcellation,Functional atlas}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{20}},
  publisher    = {{Springer Science and Business Media LLC}},
  title        = {{A functional atlas of the cerebellum based on NeuroSynth task coordinates}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1007/s12311-023-01596-4}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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