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Decommissioning offshore windfarms and grid infrastructure : to remove or not to remove? A Belgian law perspective

Angelo Goethals (UGent) and Frank Maes (UGent)
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Abstract
This article explores the applicable international and regional rules and standards for the decommissioning and removal of offshore installations. In addition, the Belgian legal approach to the decommissioning of offshore wind installations and grid infrastructure is examined. Although Belgian legislation supports the complete removal of installations, an ecosystem restoration approach to the development of offshore wind farms might suggest options other than complete removal. This article demonstrates that lifetime extension, refurbishment, and repowering of installations are not problematic from an international law perspective. This research shows, however, that decommissioning offshore wind farms and grid infrastructure is ambiguously regulated in Belgium, and, in the longer term, the development of a dedicated regulatory approach is recommended.
Keywords
Decommissioning, grid infrastructure, offshore, (partial) removal, windfarms, RENEWABLES-TO-REEFS, INTERNATIONAL RULES, WIND TURBINES, INSTALLATIONS, ABANDONMENT, PIPELINES, ISSUES, CABLES

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Citation

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MLA
Goethals, Angelo, and Frank Maes. “Decommissioning Offshore Windfarms and Grid Infrastructure : To Remove or Not to Remove? A Belgian Law Perspective.” OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, vol. 54, no. 3, 2023, pp. 304–26, doi:10.1080/00908320.2023.2265297.
APA
Goethals, A., & Maes, F. (2023). Decommissioning offshore windfarms and grid infrastructure : to remove or not to remove? A Belgian law perspective. OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, 54(3), 304–326. https://doi.org/10.1080/00908320.2023.2265297
Chicago author-date
Goethals, Angelo, and Frank Maes. 2023. “Decommissioning Offshore Windfarms and Grid Infrastructure : To Remove or Not to Remove? A Belgian Law Perspective.” OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 54 (3): 304–26. https://doi.org/10.1080/00908320.2023.2265297.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Goethals, Angelo, and Frank Maes. 2023. “Decommissioning Offshore Windfarms and Grid Infrastructure : To Remove or Not to Remove? A Belgian Law Perspective.” OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW 54 (3): 304–326. doi:10.1080/00908320.2023.2265297.
Vancouver
1.
Goethals A, Maes F. Decommissioning offshore windfarms and grid infrastructure : to remove or not to remove? A Belgian law perspective. OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW. 2023;54(3):304–26.
IEEE
[1]
A. Goethals and F. Maes, “Decommissioning offshore windfarms and grid infrastructure : to remove or not to remove? A Belgian law perspective,” OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 304–326, 2023.
@article{01HCWBQGER9QC5CKNKNQ0R5CCY,
  abstract     = {{This article explores the applicable international and regional rules and standards for the decommissioning and removal of offshore installations. In addition, the Belgian legal approach to the decommissioning of offshore wind installations and grid infrastructure is examined. Although Belgian legislation supports the complete removal of installations, an ecosystem restoration approach to the development of offshore wind farms might suggest options other than complete removal. This article demonstrates that lifetime extension, refurbishment, and repowering of installations are not problematic from an international law perspective. This research shows, however, that decommissioning offshore wind farms and grid infrastructure is ambiguously regulated in Belgium, and, in the longer term, the development of a dedicated regulatory approach is recommended.}},
  author       = {{Goethals, Angelo and Maes, Frank}},
  issn         = {{0090-8320}},
  journal      = {{OCEAN DEVELOPMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW}},
  keywords     = {{Decommissioning,grid infrastructure,offshore,(partial) removal,windfarms,RENEWABLES-TO-REEFS,INTERNATIONAL RULES,WIND TURBINES,INSTALLATIONS,ABANDONMENT,PIPELINES,ISSUES,CABLES}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{3}},
  pages        = {{304--326}},
  title        = {{Decommissioning offshore windfarms and grid infrastructure : to remove or not to remove? A Belgian law perspective}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1080/00908320.2023.2265297}},
  volume       = {{54}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}

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