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The apparent-time construct as a proxy to spoken conversational data in the 20th century : a Spanish case study

Renata Enghels (UGent) and Linde Roels (UGent)
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Abstract
The 20th century is characterized by important changes in the sociohistorical context of Spain, which have led to the steady process of colloquialization of Spanish, in both spoken and written language. Still, these major developments contrast sharply with the scarcity of oral conversational data. This paper investigates whether the apparent-time construct offers a solution for the data problem. According to this method, a linguistic phenomenon is analyzed across the speech of different generations during one time period. The basic assumption is that differences between generations mirror historical developments in language. This study investigates whether generational differences in the use of the Spanish pragmatic marker sabes ‘you know’ corresponds to the grammaticalization cline previously observed in real-time data.
Keywords
data problem, spoken conversational data, pragmatic marker, sabes 'you know', apparent-time construct

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MLA
Enghels, Renata, and Linde Roels. “The Apparent-Time Construct as a Proxy to Spoken Conversational Data in the 20th Century : A Spanish Case Study.” Language Change in the 20th Century : Exploring Micro-Diachronic Evolutions in Romance Languages, edited by Salvador Pons Bordería and Shima Salameh Jiménez, John Benjamins, 2024, pp. 62–93.
APA
Enghels, R., & Roels, L. (2024). The apparent-time construct as a proxy to spoken conversational data in the 20th century : a Spanish case study. In S. Pons Bordería & S. Salameh Jiménez (Eds.), Language change in the 20th century : exploring micro-diachronic evolutions in Romance Languages (pp. 62–93). John Benjamins.
Chicago author-date
Enghels, Renata, and Linde Roels. 2024. “The Apparent-Time Construct as a Proxy to Spoken Conversational Data in the 20th Century : A Spanish Case Study.” In Language Change in the 20th Century : Exploring Micro-Diachronic Evolutions in Romance Languages, edited by Salvador Pons Bordería and Shima Salameh Jiménez, 62–93. John Benjamins.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Enghels, Renata, and Linde Roels. 2024. “The Apparent-Time Construct as a Proxy to Spoken Conversational Data in the 20th Century : A Spanish Case Study.” In Language Change in the 20th Century : Exploring Micro-Diachronic Evolutions in Romance Languages, ed by. Salvador Pons Bordería and Shima Salameh Jiménez, 62–93. John Benjamins.
Vancouver
1.
Enghels R, Roels L. The apparent-time construct as a proxy to spoken conversational data in the 20th century : a Spanish case study. In: Pons Bordería S, Salameh Jiménez S, editors. Language change in the 20th century : exploring micro-diachronic evolutions in Romance Languages. John Benjamins; 2024. p. 62–93.
IEEE
[1]
R. Enghels and L. Roels, “The apparent-time construct as a proxy to spoken conversational data in the 20th century : a Spanish case study,” in Language change in the 20th century : exploring micro-diachronic evolutions in Romance Languages, S. Pons Bordería and S. Salameh Jiménez, Eds. John Benjamins, 2024, pp. 62–93.
@incollection{01HAVMD98X2GZ8YWW5WEDHQKTF,
  abstract     = {{The 20th century is characterized by important changes in the sociohistorical context of Spain, which have led to the steady process of colloquialization of Spanish, in both spoken and written language. Still, these major developments contrast sharply with the scarcity of oral conversational data. This paper investigates whether the apparent-time construct offers a solution for the data problem. According to this method, a linguistic phenomenon is analyzed across the speech of different generations during one time period. The basic assumption is that differences between generations mirror historical developments in language. This study investigates whether generational differences in the use of the Spanish pragmatic marker sabes ‘you know’ corresponds to the grammaticalization cline previously observed in real-time data.}},
  author       = {{Enghels, Renata and Roels, Linde}},
  booktitle    = {{Language change in the 20th century : exploring micro-diachronic evolutions in Romance Languages}},
  editor       = {{Pons Bordería, Salvador and Salameh Jiménez, Shima}},
  isbn         = {{9789027214454}},
  keywords     = {{data problem,spoken conversational data,pragmatic marker,sabes 'you know',apparent-time construct}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{62--93}},
  publisher    = {{John Benjamins}},
  title        = {{The apparent-time construct as a proxy to spoken conversational data in the 20th century : a Spanish case study}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}