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Exploring job seeker profiles through latent profile analysis

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Abstract
Primarily using a variable-centered approach, job search research explores the connections between antecedents, processes, and outcomes. A person-centered approach, however, categorizes individuals based on personal and contextual elements. This study used CSM as a theoretical framework to identify job seeker profiles by exploring configurations of job search self-efficacy, conscientiousness, financial need, social pressure, and job search quality and intensity. We examined how these profiles correspond with sociodemographic variables and job search outcomes such as rumination, interviews, and job offers. In a sample of 300 job seekers, four profiles emerged: casual job search contemplator, financially burdened job seeker, financially secure job seeker, and multifaceted job search strategist. The contemplator profile correlated with the fewest interviews, while the financially burdened job seeker had the most. These findings suggest career counselors need to recognize distinctive job seeker patterns requiring tailored counseling approaches, underscoring the potential of the person-centered approach for further job search research.
Keywords
job search, job search profiles, latent profile analysis, mixture models, person-centered research, SEARCH SELF-EFFICACY, CAREER, MODEL, WORK, SATISFACTION, PERSONALITY, BEHAVIOR, CHOICE

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Stremersch, Jolien, et al. “Exploring Job Seeker Profiles through Latent Profile Analysis.” JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT, 2024, pp. 1–18, doi:10.1177/10690727231201670.
APA
Stremersch, J., Bouckenooghe, D., & Kanar, A. M. (2024). Exploring job seeker profiles through latent profile analysis. JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/10690727231201670
Chicago author-date
Stremersch, Jolien, Dave Bouckenooghe, and Adam M. Kanar. 2024. “Exploring Job Seeker Profiles through Latent Profile Analysis.” JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/10690727231201670.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Stremersch, Jolien, Dave Bouckenooghe, and Adam M. Kanar. 2024. “Exploring Job Seeker Profiles through Latent Profile Analysis.” JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT: 1–18. doi:10.1177/10690727231201670.
Vancouver
1.
Stremersch J, Bouckenooghe D, Kanar AM. Exploring job seeker profiles through latent profile analysis. JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT. 2024;1–18.
IEEE
[1]
J. Stremersch, D. Bouckenooghe, and A. M. Kanar, “Exploring job seeker profiles through latent profile analysis,” JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT, pp. 1–18, 2024.
@article{01HAC4PVY5D7YEHYP2JCAMFANF,
  abstract     = {{Primarily using a variable-centered approach, job search research explores the connections between antecedents, processes, and outcomes. A person-centered approach, however, categorizes individuals based on personal and contextual elements. This study used CSM as a theoretical framework to identify job seeker profiles by exploring configurations of job search self-efficacy, conscientiousness, financial need, social pressure, and job search quality and intensity. We examined how these profiles correspond with sociodemographic variables and job search outcomes such as rumination, interviews, and job offers. In a sample of 300 job seekers, four profiles emerged: casual job search contemplator, financially burdened job seeker, financially secure job seeker, and multifaceted job search strategist. The contemplator profile correlated with the fewest interviews, while the financially burdened job seeker had the most. These findings suggest career counselors need to recognize distinctive job seeker patterns requiring tailored counseling approaches, underscoring the potential of the person-centered approach for further job search research.}},
  author       = {{Stremersch, Jolien and Bouckenooghe, Dave and Kanar, Adam M.}},
  issn         = {{1069-0727}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF CAREER ASSESSMENT}},
  keywords     = {{job search,job search profiles,latent profile analysis,mixture models,person-centered research,SEARCH SELF-EFFICACY,CAREER,MODEL,WORK,SATISFACTION,PERSONALITY,BEHAVIOR,CHOICE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{1--18}},
  title        = {{Exploring job seeker profiles through latent profile analysis}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1177/10690727231201670}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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