Advanced search
4 files | 4.37 MB Add to list

Crime within a bandwidth : testing 'the law of crime concentration at place' in Brussels

Robin Khalfa (UGent) , Thom Snaphaan (UGent) , Lieven Pauwels (UGent) , Ourania Kounadi and Wim Hardyns (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
This study tests the law of crime concentration at place in Brussels Capital Region (approx. 1.2 million inhabitants) and examines the spatial stability of crime concentrations by applying Andresen's Spatial Point Pattern Test. Besides testing the law of crime concentration city-wide, this study also tests the law of crime concentration in the context of Brussels' six police departments and 19 municipalities. Police-registered crime data (n = 228,606 incidents) for the period 2007-2016 were used, which were geocoded at the spatial micro-level of grid cells (200 by 200 m). The results indicate that residential burglary is less concentrated in Brussels, although the concentrations of aggressive theft and battery are in line with previous tests of the law of crime concentration in Europe and the United States. Nevertheless, the results also indicate that crime concentrations vary significantly across Brussels' police departments and municipalities, which seem to be higher in larger municipalities and police departments. In addition, the spatial patterns of residential burglary, aggressive theft and battery were not spatially stable in Brussels between 2007 and 2016. This study indicates that considerable attention should be payed to tailoring place-based policing approaches to the characteristics of each crime type, including the spatial concentration and the spatial stability of crime. More research is needed into the underlying factors of low or high crime concentrations and the mechanisms of spatial (in)stability at the spatial micro-level.
Keywords
Criminology of place, Grid cells, Law of crime concentration at place, Micro places, Police-registered crime data, Spatial analysis, AREAL UNIT PROBLEM, SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION, ROUTINE ACTIVITIES, HOT-SPOTS, PATTERNS, VARIABILITY, CRIMINOLOGY, STREET, LEVEL

Downloads

  • (...).docx
    • supplementary material
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • ZIP archive
    • |
    • 2.51 MB
  • (...).docx
    • supplementary material
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • ZIP archive
    • |
    • 41.72 KB
  • Khalfa et al. - Crime concentrations - accepted version.pdf
    • full text (Accepted manuscript)
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 374.92 KB
  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.45 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Khalfa, Robin, et al. “Crime within a Bandwidth : Testing ‘the Law of Crime Concentration at Place’ in Brussels.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH, 2024, doi:10.1007/s10610-023-09556-8.
APA
Khalfa, R., Snaphaan, T., Pauwels, L., Kounadi, O., & Hardyns, W. (2024). Crime within a bandwidth : testing “the law of crime concentration at place” in Brussels. EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-023-09556-8
Chicago author-date
Khalfa, Robin, Thom Snaphaan, Lieven Pauwels, Ourania Kounadi, and Wim Hardyns. 2024. “Crime within a Bandwidth : Testing ‘the Law of Crime Concentration at Place’ in Brussels.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-023-09556-8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Khalfa, Robin, Thom Snaphaan, Lieven Pauwels, Ourania Kounadi, and Wim Hardyns. 2024. “Crime within a Bandwidth : Testing ‘the Law of Crime Concentration at Place’ in Brussels.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH. doi:10.1007/s10610-023-09556-8.
Vancouver
1.
Khalfa R, Snaphaan T, Pauwels L, Kounadi O, Hardyns W. Crime within a bandwidth : testing “the law of crime concentration at place” in Brussels. EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH. 2024;
IEEE
[1]
R. Khalfa, T. Snaphaan, L. Pauwels, O. Kounadi, and W. Hardyns, “Crime within a bandwidth : testing ‘the law of crime concentration at place’ in Brussels,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH, 2024.
@article{01H50QHRSDQ8TXP8JKFD604CWY,
  abstract     = {{This study tests the law of crime concentration at place in Brussels Capital Region (approx. 1.2 million inhabitants) and examines the spatial stability of crime concentrations by applying Andresen's Spatial Point Pattern Test. Besides testing the law of crime concentration city-wide, this study also tests the law of crime concentration in the context of Brussels' six police departments and 19 municipalities. Police-registered crime data (n = 228,606 incidents) for the period 2007-2016 were used, which were geocoded at the spatial micro-level of grid cells (200 by 200 m). The results indicate that residential burglary is less concentrated in Brussels, although the concentrations of aggressive theft and battery are in line with previous tests of the law of crime concentration in Europe and the United States. Nevertheless, the results also indicate that crime concentrations vary significantly across Brussels' police departments and municipalities, which seem to be higher in larger municipalities and police departments. In addition, the spatial patterns of residential burglary, aggressive theft and battery were not spatially stable in Brussels between 2007 and 2016. This study indicates that considerable attention should be payed to tailoring place-based policing approaches to the characteristics of each crime type, including the spatial concentration and the spatial stability of crime. More research is needed into the underlying factors of low or high crime concentrations and the mechanisms of spatial (in)stability at the spatial micro-level.}},
  author       = {{Khalfa, Robin and Snaphaan, Thom and Pauwels, Lieven and Kounadi, Ourania and Hardyns, Wim}},
  issn         = {{0928-1371}},
  journal      = {{EUROPEAN JOURNAL ON CRIMINAL POLICY AND RESEARCH}},
  keywords     = {{Criminology of place,Grid cells,Law of crime concentration at place,Micro places,Police-registered crime data,Spatial analysis,AREAL UNIT PROBLEM,SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION,ROUTINE ACTIVITIES,HOT-SPOTS,PATTERNS,VARIABILITY,CRIMINOLOGY,STREET,LEVEL}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{28}},
  title        = {{Crime within a bandwidth : testing 'the law of crime concentration at place' in Brussels}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1007/s10610-023-09556-8}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: