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Identifying rental discrimination on the Flemish housing market : an intersectional approach

(2023) ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES. 46(12). p.2654-2676
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Abstract
This study aims to identify rental discrimination on the Flemish rental housing market in Belgium, taking the intersectional nature of discrimination into account. Most discrimination studies focus on unequal access based on one individual discrimination ground. This practice eludes the context of the other discrimination grounds in which rental discrimination occurs and neglects the intersectional nature of discrimination. We therefore conducted 8.245 correspondence tests in almost all municipalities in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. We apply an intersectional lens, by considering the relation and interaction between gender (male/female), ethnic origin (Moroccan/Polish) and the homogeneity of names (homogenous/mixed). We find four strata of rental discrimination, in which Moroccan female rental candidates with a homogenous name experience most discrimination, indicating that multiple categorical identities enforce each other. Without a full intersectional approach, these layered patterns of exclusion would have been hidden behind the bold boundaries of ethnic or gender categorizations.
Keywords
Sociology and Political Science, Anthropology, Cultural Studies, Ethnic discrimination, gender discrimination, intersectionality, housing, market, correspondence tests, homogeneity of names, SAME-SEX COUPLES, ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION, FIELD EXPERIMENT, LABOR-MARKET, GENDER, BLACK, METAANALYSIS, INTEGRATION, NAMES, RACE

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MLA
Ghekiere, Abel, et al. “Identifying Rental Discrimination on the Flemish Housing Market : An Intersectional Approach.” ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES, vol. 46, no. 12, 2023, pp. 2654–76, doi:10.1080/01419870.2023.2177120.
APA
Ghekiere, A., Martiniello, B., & Verhaeghe, P.-P. (2023). Identifying rental discrimination on the Flemish housing market : an intersectional approach. ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES, 46(12), 2654–2676. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2023.2177120
Chicago author-date
Ghekiere, Abel, Billie Martiniello, and Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe. 2023. “Identifying Rental Discrimination on the Flemish Housing Market : An Intersectional Approach.” ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES 46 (12): 2654–76. https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2023.2177120.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ghekiere, Abel, Billie Martiniello, and Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe. 2023. “Identifying Rental Discrimination on the Flemish Housing Market : An Intersectional Approach.” ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES 46 (12): 2654–2676. doi:10.1080/01419870.2023.2177120.
Vancouver
1.
Ghekiere A, Martiniello B, Verhaeghe P-P. Identifying rental discrimination on the Flemish housing market : an intersectional approach. ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES. 2023;46(12):2654–76.
IEEE
[1]
A. Ghekiere, B. Martiniello, and P.-P. Verhaeghe, “Identifying rental discrimination on the Flemish housing market : an intersectional approach,” ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 2654–2676, 2023.
@article{01H0HZ1AF5GE1AS6F33QMJD1M3,
  abstract     = {{This study aims to identify rental discrimination on the Flemish rental housing market in Belgium, taking the intersectional nature of discrimination into account. Most discrimination studies focus on unequal access based on one individual discrimination ground. This practice eludes the context of the other discrimination grounds in which rental discrimination occurs and neglects the intersectional nature of discrimination. We therefore conducted 8.245 correspondence tests in almost all municipalities in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium. We apply an intersectional lens, by considering the relation and interaction between gender (male/female), ethnic origin (Moroccan/Polish) and the homogeneity of names (homogenous/mixed). We find four strata of rental discrimination, in which Moroccan female rental candidates with a homogenous name experience most discrimination, indicating that multiple categorical identities enforce each other. Without a full intersectional approach, these layered patterns of exclusion would have been hidden behind the bold boundaries of ethnic or gender categorizations.}},
  author       = {{Ghekiere, Abel and Martiniello, Billie and Verhaeghe, Pieter-Paul}},
  issn         = {{0141-9870}},
  journal      = {{ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES}},
  keywords     = {{Sociology and Political Science,Anthropology,Cultural Studies,Ethnic discrimination,gender discrimination,intersectionality,housing,market,correspondence tests,homogeneity of names,SAME-SEX COUPLES,ETHNIC DISCRIMINATION,FIELD EXPERIMENT,LABOR-MARKET,GENDER,BLACK,METAANALYSIS,INTEGRATION,NAMES,RACE}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{12}},
  pages        = {{2654--2676}},
  title        = {{Identifying rental discrimination on the Flemish housing market : an intersectional approach}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2023.2177120}},
  volume       = {{46}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}

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