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'I don't feel at home in this world' : sexual and gender minority emerging adults' self-perceived links between their suicidal thoughts and sexual orientation or gender identity

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Abstract
Objectives To examine whether sexual and gender minority (SGM) emerging adults perceived their SGM status was linked to suicidal ideation, and to explore if their responses fell within tenets of the minority stress framework. Method Open text (survey) responses of Dutch and Flemish SGM emerging adults (n = 187) were thematically analysed using the constant comparative comparison method for qualitative analysis. Results We identified 8 themes in our qualitative analysis. Two themes fell within the scope of the minority stress framework that has received little attention: (1) concerns about relationships and family planning and (2) feeling different (internal stressor). Two additional themes emerged largely beyond the scope of existing minority stress framework studies on suicidality: (3) SGM-related questioning; (4) negativity in LGBT communities. Four established minority stress framework themes emerged: (5) gender identity stress; (6) victimization; (7) coming-out stress; (8) psychological difficulties linked to SGM status. Conclusion Suicide prevention needs to focus on supporting SGM emerging adults who worry about feeling "different", or who have concerns over their romantic and family life, on reducing gender minority stress, as well as on caring for those who are victimized due to their sexual or gender identity.
Keywords
emerging adults, minority stress, suicidal ideation, gender minorities, sexual, TRANSGENDER YOUTH, MENTAL-HEALTH, GAY, STRESS, ASSOCIATIONS, EXPERIENCES, BEHAVIORS, DISTRESS, IDEATION, ISSUES

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MLA
van Bergen, Diana, et al. “‘I Don’t Feel at Home in This World’ : Sexual and Gender Minority Emerging Adults’ Self-Perceived Links between Their Suicidal Thoughts and Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity.” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE, vol. 68, no. 6, 2023, pp. 461–69, doi:10.1177/07067437221147420.
APA
van Bergen, D., Dumon, E., Parra, L. A., Motmans, J., Biedermann, L. C., Gilissen, R., & Portzky, G. (2023). “I don’t feel at home in this world’ : sexual and gender minority emerging adults” self-perceived links between their suicidal thoughts and sexual orientation or gender identity. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE, 68(6), 461–469. https://doi.org/10.1177/07067437221147420
Chicago author-date
Bergen, Diana van, Eva Dumon, Luis A. Parra, Joz Motmans, Lesley C. Biedermann, Renske Gilissen, and Gwendolyn Portzky. 2023. “‘I Don’t Feel at Home in This World’ : Sexual and Gender Minority Emerging Adults’ Self-Perceived Links between Their Suicidal Thoughts and Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity.” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE 68 (6): 461–69. https://doi.org/10.1177/07067437221147420.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
van Bergen, Diana, Eva Dumon, Luis A. Parra, Joz Motmans, Lesley C. Biedermann, Renske Gilissen, and Gwendolyn Portzky. 2023. “‘I Don’t Feel at Home in This World’ : Sexual and Gender Minority Emerging Adults’ Self-Perceived Links between Their Suicidal Thoughts and Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity.” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE 68 (6): 461–469. doi:10.1177/07067437221147420.
Vancouver
1.
van Bergen D, Dumon E, Parra LA, Motmans J, Biedermann LC, Gilissen R, et al. “I don’t feel at home in this world’ : sexual and gender minority emerging adults” self-perceived links between their suicidal thoughts and sexual orientation or gender identity. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE. 2023;68(6):461–9.
IEEE
[1]
D. van Bergen et al., “‘I don’t feel at home in this world’ : sexual and gender minority emerging adults’ self-perceived links between their suicidal thoughts and sexual orientation or gender identity,” CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE, vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 461–469, 2023.
@article{01GTEAA3MPGXNMCEQ4MJSHWY3Z,
  abstract     = {{Objectives To examine whether sexual and gender minority (SGM) emerging adults perceived their SGM status was linked to suicidal ideation, and to explore if their responses fell within tenets of the minority stress framework. Method Open text (survey) responses of Dutch and Flemish SGM emerging adults (n = 187) were thematically analysed using the constant comparative comparison method for qualitative analysis. Results We identified 8 themes in our qualitative analysis. Two themes fell within the scope of the minority stress framework that has received little attention: (1) concerns about relationships and family planning and (2) feeling different (internal stressor). Two additional themes emerged largely beyond the scope of existing minority stress framework studies on suicidality: (3) SGM-related questioning; (4) negativity in LGBT communities. Four established minority stress framework themes emerged: (5) gender identity stress; (6) victimization; (7) coming-out stress; (8) psychological difficulties linked to SGM status. Conclusion Suicide prevention needs to focus on supporting SGM emerging adults who worry about feeling "different", or who have concerns over their romantic and family life, on reducing gender minority stress, as well as on caring for those who are victimized due to their sexual or gender identity.}},
  author       = {{van Bergen, Diana and Dumon, Eva and Parra, Luis A. and Motmans, Joz and Biedermann, Lesley C. and Gilissen, Renske and Portzky, Gwendolyn}},
  issn         = {{0706-7437}},
  journal      = {{CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE PSYCHIATRIE}},
  keywords     = {{emerging adults,minority stress,suicidal ideation,gender minorities,sexual,TRANSGENDER YOUTH,MENTAL-HEALTH,GAY,STRESS,ASSOCIATIONS,EXPERIENCES,BEHAVIORS,DISTRESS,IDEATION,ISSUES}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{6}},
  pages        = {{461--469}},
  title        = {{'I don't feel at home in this world' : sexual and gender minority emerging adults' self-perceived links between their suicidal thoughts and sexual orientation or gender identity}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1177/07067437221147420}},
  volume       = {{68}},
  year         = {{2023}},
}

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