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Effects of sand and slurry characteristics on pressure infiltration of bentonite slurry into sand

(2024) GEOTECHNIQUE. p.1-12
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Abstract
Two series of experiments were carried out to examine pressurised bentonite slurry infiltration into saturated sand columns. Three types of sand were examined, and water–bentonite and water–bentonite–sand slurries were used in series 1 and 2, respectively. Series 1 investigated the effect of sand particle size and series 2 examined the effect of the fine-sand particle content in the slurry. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging was used to observe the morphological features of the dry slurry-infiltrated sand samples. A solution for the infiltration distance during mud spurt for water–bentonite–sand slurry infiltration was verified using the data from series 2. The infiltration test results showed that the hydraulic conductivity of the slurry-infiltrated coarse sand for slurry in series 2 was lower than that in series 1. Visual observations and the SEM images showed that sand particles were bound to a bentonite film, indicating that, during infiltration, the channels for fluid flow among the sand particles are blocked by the bentonite particles adhered to the sand particles. The solution for the infiltration distance during mud spurt for water–bentonite–sand slurry infiltration showed good agreement with the experimental results.
Keywords
Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous), Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology, laboratory tests, slurry infiltration, slurry-shield tunnelling, TBM, tunnels & tunnelling, FILTER CAKE FORMATION, SHIELD

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Xu, Tao, et al. “Effects of Sand and Slurry Characteristics on Pressure Infiltration of Bentonite Slurry into Sand.” GEOTECHNIQUE, 2024, pp. 1–12, doi:10.1680/jgeot.21.00133.
APA
Xu, T., Zhou, W.-H., Bezuijen, A., & Qin, S. (2024). Effects of sand and slurry characteristics on pressure infiltration of bentonite slurry into sand. GEOTECHNIQUE, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.21.00133
Chicago author-date
Xu, Tao, Wan-Huan Zhou, Adam Bezuijen, and Su Qin. 2024. “Effects of Sand and Slurry Characteristics on Pressure Infiltration of Bentonite Slurry into Sand.” GEOTECHNIQUE, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.21.00133.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Xu, Tao, Wan-Huan Zhou, Adam Bezuijen, and Su Qin. 2024. “Effects of Sand and Slurry Characteristics on Pressure Infiltration of Bentonite Slurry into Sand.” GEOTECHNIQUE: 1–12. doi:10.1680/jgeot.21.00133.
Vancouver
1.
Xu T, Zhou W-H, Bezuijen A, Qin S. Effects of sand and slurry characteristics on pressure infiltration of bentonite slurry into sand. GEOTECHNIQUE. 2024;1–12.
IEEE
[1]
T. Xu, W.-H. Zhou, A. Bezuijen, and S. Qin, “Effects of sand and slurry characteristics on pressure infiltration of bentonite slurry into sand,” GEOTECHNIQUE, pp. 1–12, 2024.
@article{01GQHYG59A9FYQKJRBZM65DAPH,
  abstract     = {{Two series of experiments were carried out to examine pressurised bentonite slurry infiltration into saturated sand columns. Three types of sand were examined, and water–bentonite and water–bentonite–sand slurries were used in series 1 and 2, respectively. Series 1 investigated the effect of sand particle size and series 2 examined the effect of the fine-sand particle content in the slurry. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging was used to observe the morphological features of the dry slurry-infiltrated sand samples. A solution for the infiltration distance during mud spurt for water–bentonite–sand slurry infiltration was verified using the data from series 2. The infiltration test results showed that the hydraulic conductivity of the slurry-infiltrated coarse sand for slurry in series 2 was lower than that in series 1. Visual observations and the SEM images showed that sand particles were bound to a bentonite film, indicating that, during infiltration, the channels for fluid flow among the sand particles are blocked by the bentonite particles adhered to the sand particles. The solution for the infiltration distance during mud spurt for water–bentonite–sand slurry infiltration showed good agreement with the experimental results.}},
  author       = {{Xu, Tao and Zhou, Wan-Huan and Bezuijen, Adam and Qin, Su}},
  issn         = {{0016-8505}},
  journal      = {{GEOTECHNIQUE}},
  keywords     = {{Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous),Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology,laboratory tests,slurry infiltration,slurry-shield tunnelling,TBM,tunnels & tunnelling,FILTER CAKE FORMATION,SHIELD}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{1--12}},
  title        = {{Effects of sand and slurry characteristics on pressure infiltration of bentonite slurry into sand}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1680/jgeot.21.00133}},
  year         = {{2024}},
}

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