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Gendered experiences of parent–child communication on sexual and reproductive health issues : a qualitative study employing community-based participatory methods among primary caregivers and community stakeholders in rural South-Western Uganda

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Abstract
Open and positive parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is known to reduce negative SRH outcomes for young people. However, socio-cultural influences can inhibit meaningful SRH communication. Restrictive gender norms threaten the SRH of adolescents, as they make adolescent boys more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior and make girls more vulnerable to negative SRH outcomes. This study intended to critically understand the impact of gender norms and expectations on parent-child SRH communication in rural south-western Uganda. Methods: The study adopted a community-based participatory approach using community stakeholder engagement meetings (n = 2), in-depth interviews (n = 12), and three focus group discussions with parents (n = 18). The study considered biological parents, step-parents, grandparents, uncles and aunties, as long as they were primary caregivers of adolescents aged 10-14. Results: Participants elaborated on the socio-cultural aspects that shaped their experiences of parent-child SRH communication such as cultural gender norms, religion, and media influences. They also referred to socio-economic challenges, lack of knowledge, and the role of peers and schools. Conclusions: There is need for community-based interventions to improve parent-child SRH communication to address the deeply rooted cultural and gender contexts in rural south-western Uganda.
Keywords
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health, gender, culture, sexual and reproductive health, parent-child communication

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MLA
Achen, Dorcus, et al. “Gendered Experiences of Parent–Child Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues : A Qualitative Study Employing Community-Based Participatory Methods among Primary Caregivers and Community Stakeholders in Rural South-Western Uganda.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 19, no. 9, MDPI AG, 2022, doi:10.3390/ijerph19095052.
APA
Achen, D., Nyakato, V. N., Akatukwasa, C., Kemigisha, E., Mlahagwa, W., Kaziga, R., … Coene, G. (2022). Gendered experiences of parent–child communication on sexual and reproductive health issues : a qualitative study employing community-based participatory methods among primary caregivers and community stakeholders in rural South-Western Uganda. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 19(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095052
Chicago author-date
Achen, Dorcus, Viola N. Nyakato, Cecilia Akatukwasa, Elizabeth Kemigisha, Wendo Mlahagwa, Ruth Kaziga, Gad Ndaruhutse Ruzaaza, et al. 2022. “Gendered Experiences of Parent–Child Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues : A Qualitative Study Employing Community-Based Participatory Methods among Primary Caregivers and Community Stakeholders in Rural South-Western Uganda.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 19 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095052.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Achen, Dorcus, Viola N. Nyakato, Cecilia Akatukwasa, Elizabeth Kemigisha, Wendo Mlahagwa, Ruth Kaziga, Gad Ndaruhutse Ruzaaza, Godfrey Z. Rukundo, Kristien Michielsen, Stella Neema, and Gily Coene. 2022. “Gendered Experiences of Parent–Child Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Issues : A Qualitative Study Employing Community-Based Participatory Methods among Primary Caregivers and Community Stakeholders in Rural South-Western Uganda.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 19 (9). doi:10.3390/ijerph19095052.
Vancouver
1.
Achen D, Nyakato VN, Akatukwasa C, Kemigisha E, Mlahagwa W, Kaziga R, et al. Gendered experiences of parent–child communication on sexual and reproductive health issues : a qualitative study employing community-based participatory methods among primary caregivers and community stakeholders in rural South-Western Uganda. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2022;19(9).
IEEE
[1]
D. Achen et al., “Gendered experiences of parent–child communication on sexual and reproductive health issues : a qualitative study employing community-based participatory methods among primary caregivers and community stakeholders in rural South-Western Uganda,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 19, no. 9, 2022.
@article{01GQ73S7E4VTP3HJ4B3CDE7KG9,
  abstract     = {{Open and positive parent-child communication about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is known to reduce negative SRH outcomes for young people. However, socio-cultural influences can inhibit meaningful SRH communication. Restrictive gender norms threaten the SRH of adolescents, as they make adolescent boys more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior and make girls more vulnerable to negative SRH outcomes. This study intended to critically understand the impact of gender norms and expectations on parent-child SRH communication in rural south-western Uganda. Methods: The study adopted a community-based participatory approach using community stakeholder engagement meetings (n = 2), in-depth interviews (n = 12), and three focus group discussions with parents (n = 18). The study considered biological parents, step-parents, grandparents, uncles and aunties, as long as they were primary caregivers of adolescents aged 10-14. Results: Participants elaborated on the socio-cultural aspects that shaped their experiences of parent-child SRH communication such as cultural gender norms, religion, and media influences. They also referred to socio-economic challenges, lack of knowledge, and the role of peers and schools. Conclusions: There is need for community-based interventions to improve parent-child SRH communication to address the deeply rooted cultural and gender contexts in rural south-western Uganda.}},
  articleno    = {{5052}},
  author       = {{Achen, Dorcus and Nyakato, Viola N. and Akatukwasa, Cecilia and Kemigisha, Elizabeth and Mlahagwa, Wendo and Kaziga, Ruth and Ruzaaza, Gad Ndaruhutse and Rukundo, Godfrey Z. and Michielsen, Kristien and Neema, Stella and Coene, Gily}},
  issn         = {{1660-4601}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH}},
  keywords     = {{Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis,Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health,gender,culture,sexual and reproductive health,parent-child communication}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{9}},
  pages        = {{16}},
  publisher    = {{MDPI AG}},
  title        = {{Gendered experiences of parent–child communication on sexual and reproductive health issues : a qualitative study employing community-based participatory methods among primary caregivers and community stakeholders in rural South-Western Uganda}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19095052}},
  volume       = {{19}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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