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Five decades of Bangladesh-U.S. relations : a neoclassical realist explanation

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Abstract
Despite the fact that the United States of America (USA) took an opposite stand in the question of independence of Bangladesh, the relationship started developing since the US recognition to Bangladesh in 1972. Apart from few exceptions, most of the governments of Bangladesh under different political regimes intended to remain in good terms with the USA. However, the relationships have not always been an ascending one as Bangladesh used to remain secondary concern for US foreign policy preferences. It is after the calamitous event of 9/11 that brought South Asia into US strategic calculations. Being a Muslim majority country, Bangladesh got special significance to the USA in the context of fear from religious extremism during the post 9/11 era. Lately, the ever-increasing trend in bilateral trade, significant boost in the importance of the Indian Ocean region and the Bay of Bengal, voluminous involvement of China in both economic and military affairs of Bangladesh, the renewed relationship of the USA with India, and the complex Rohingya crisis have altogether gave rise to such a reality that the USA cannot afford to ignore the importance of Bangladesh anymore. In fact, both the systemic constraints and domestic realities along with leadership perception played decisive role in shaping the Bangladesh-USA bilateral relations throughout the past five decades. Against this backdrop, the paper considers neoclassical realist framework to explain Bangladesh-USA relations and thus attempts to signify how systemic and domestic factors influence foreign policy of states.
Keywords
Foreign policy, Bangladesh, United States, Neoclassical realism

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MLA
Morsalin, Sheikh Shams, and Md. Abdul Hannan. “Five Decades of Bangladesh-U.S. Relations : A Neoclassical Realist Explanation.” JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA), vol. 15, no. 1–2, 2022, pp. 185–204, doi:10.56312/dujir15e1n2e8.
APA
Morsalin, S. S., & Hannan, Md. A. (2022). Five decades of Bangladesh-U.S. relations : a neoclassical realist explanation. JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA), 15(1–2), 185–204. https://doi.org/10.56312/dujir15e1n2e8
Chicago author-date
Morsalin, Sheikh Shams, and Md. Abdul Hannan. 2022. “Five Decades of Bangladesh-U.S. Relations : A Neoclassical Realist Explanation.” JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA) 15 (1–2): 185–204. https://doi.org/10.56312/dujir15e1n2e8.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Morsalin, Sheikh Shams, and Md. Abdul Hannan. 2022. “Five Decades of Bangladesh-U.S. Relations : A Neoclassical Realist Explanation.” JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA) 15 (1–2): 185–204. doi:10.56312/dujir15e1n2e8.
Vancouver
1.
Morsalin SS, Hannan MdA. Five decades of Bangladesh-U.S. relations : a neoclassical realist explanation. JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA). 2022;15(1–2):185–204.
IEEE
[1]
S. S. Morsalin and Md. A. Hannan, “Five decades of Bangladesh-U.S. relations : a neoclassical realist explanation,” JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA), vol. 15, no. 1–2, pp. 185–204, 2022.
@article{01GJKA63BXG68VK4W23F7MY788,
  abstract     = {{Despite the fact that the United States of America (USA) took an opposite stand in the question of independence of Bangladesh, the relationship started developing since the US recognition to Bangladesh in 1972. Apart from few exceptions, most of the governments of Bangladesh under different political regimes intended to remain in good terms with the USA. However, the relationships have not always been an ascending one as Bangladesh used to remain secondary concern for US foreign policy preferences. It is after the calamitous event of 9/11 that brought South Asia into US strategic calculations. Being a Muslim majority country, Bangladesh got special significance to the USA in the context of fear from religious extremism during the post 9/11 era. Lately, the ever-increasing trend in bilateral trade, significant boost in the importance of the Indian Ocean region and the Bay of Bengal, voluminous involvement of China in both economic and military affairs of Bangladesh, the renewed relationship of the USA with India, and the complex Rohingya crisis have altogether gave rise to such a reality that the USA cannot afford to ignore the importance of Bangladesh anymore. In fact, both the systemic constraints and domestic realities along with leadership perception played decisive role in shaping the Bangladesh-USA bilateral relations throughout the past five decades. Against this backdrop, the paper considers neoclassical realist framework to explain Bangladesh-USA relations and thus attempts to signify how systemic and domestic factors influence foreign policy of states.}},
  author       = {{Morsalin, Sheikh Shams and Hannan, Md. Abdul}},
  issn         = {{2218-7391}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (DHAKA)}},
  keywords     = {{Foreign policy,Bangladesh,United States,Neoclassical realism}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1-2}},
  pages        = {{185--204}},
  title        = {{Five decades of Bangladesh-U.S. relations : a neoclassical realist explanation}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.56312/dujir15e1n2e8}},
  volume       = {{15}},
  year         = {{2022}},
}

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